Baker’s Cyst

OPA treats a wide variety of knee conditions and offers comprehensive treatment options — including many non-surgical solutions.

What is a Baker’s Cyst?

The knee is the largest joint in the body, and one of the most easily injured. It is made up of four main structures: bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons. Three bones meet to form your knee joint: your thigh bone (femur), shinbone (tibia), and kneecap (patella). A Baker’s cyst or popliteal cyst is a small benign (non-cancerous) cyst on the back of the knee. A Baker’s cyst forms when knee joint-lubricating synovial fluid builds up in the back of the knee.

Common Causes:

    • Osteoarthritis
    • Knee inflammation
    • Knee injuries

Some patients may have a Baker’s cyst and not know because it is asymptomatic. Symptomatic Baker’s cysts may cause the following:

    • Pain
    • Swelling
    • Stiffness and decreased range of motion

When you arrive for your initial consultation, Orthopedic Physicians Alaska (OPA) knee specialist will evaluate your areas of concern, discuss your symptoms, and develop a customized and comprehensive treatment plan tailored to your unique needs. This evaluation is a necessary part of diagnosing your condition and providing the best possible care.

When diagnosing a Patellar Instability, the OPA specialist will provide:

    • A medical, injury, and symptom history review
    • A physical examination
    • Multiple view x-rays or MRI

Once an official diagnosis is made, a customized treatment plan is prescribed. Treatment plans decrease symptoms as quickly as possible.

Common Treatments:

Many Baker’s cysts will disappear on their own. Others may require treatment. Nonsurgical treatment options treat Baker’s cysts:

Decrease inflammation and pain.

A brace and crutches take the weight off the knee.

Physical Therapy
OPA approved physical therapist will provide exercises to strengthen the collateral ligament and surrounding muscles, ligaments and tendons.

Schedule Appointment with Our Knee Team


The OPA team includes Alaska’s leading specialists and offers some of the latest, most advanced treatment procedures available today.

OPA treats a wide variety of conditions and offers comprehensive treatment options — including many non-surgical solutions, minimally invasive arthroscopies (repairs) and total joint replacement.

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